Parenting / 5 October, 2018 / RoSPA
Many of you will be taking little ones to organised bonfire nights, or even having your own displays in the garden at home. Safety organisation RoSPA’s helpful guide below is packed with advice and information on how to enjoy the evening, and what to do if something goes wrong.
1. Follow the Fireworks Code.
2. Use only BS 7114 Fireworks
3. Take special care with sparklers
NHS Information on Burns and Scalds
Burns and scalds are damage to the skin caused by heat. Both are treated in the same way.
A burn is caused by dry heat, from an iron or fire for example. A scald is caused by something wet, such as hot water or steam.
Burns can be very painful and can cause blisters and charred, black or red skin.
Read more information about the symptoms of burns and scalds, including the different types of burn.
Treating burns and scalds
To treat a burn, follow the first aid advice below:
The British Red Cross website has a video about first aid for burns.
When to get medical attention
Every year, around 13,000 people are admitted to hospital for burns and scalds. Many thousands more go to hospital accident and emergency (A&E) departments.
Depending on how serious a burn is, it may be possible to treat it at home. For minor burns, keep the burn clean and do not burst any blisters that form.
More serious burns will require professional medical attention. You should go to a hospital A&E department for:
If someone has breathed in smoke or fumes, they should also seek medical attention. Some symptoms may be delayed and can include coughing, a sore throat, difficulty breathing or facial burns.
Children under five years old and pregnant women should also get medical attention after a burn or scald.
The size and depth of the burn will be assessed and the affected area cleaned before a dressing is applied. You should also be given instructions on changing your dressing.
Read more information about recovering from burns and scalds.
If you need advice about a burn, you can:
Use the services directory to find minor injury units and walk-in centres near you.
What causes burns and scalds?
Burns can be caused by:
For more advice on firework safety, check out RoSPA’s low-down on fireworks.